Press the Bell Icon to Never Miss a Video from Testbook.com Hello Friends and Welcome to this Video! Today is our former Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi’s Birth Anniversary. On this Occasion we will discus some important events of her life and time. Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the only female prime Minister of India and served as prime minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term from 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984. She was an inspiration to everyone in the country. Indira Gandhi was born on 19th November 1917. She was the only daughter Jawaharlal Nehru’s, who was one of the chief figures in India’s struggle to achieve independence and was the first Prime Minister of India. She passed her Metric from Pune University and went to Shantiniketan in West Bengal. She later went on to study in Switzerland and Oxford University in London. Since the Nehru family was the centre of national political activity, Indira Gandhi was exposed to politics from a young age. A leader like Mahatma Gandhi was among the frequent visitors to the Nehru house in Allahabad. After her return to the country, Indira showed keen interest in the national movement. She also became a member of the Indian National Congress. Here, she met Feroze Gandhi, a journalist and key member of the Youth Congress – the youth wing of the Congress Party. In 1959, Indira Gandhi was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress Party. She was one of the political advisors of Jawaharlal Nehru. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru on 27 May 1964, Indira Gandhi decided to contest elections and eventually got elected. She was appointed as in-charge of the Information and Broadcasting Ministry under Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. Following the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri on 11 January 1966, in Tashkent, the race to the coveted throne of the Prime Minister began. After much deliberation, Indira was chosen as the Prime Ministerial candidate solely because they presumed that she could be easily manipulated. She contested and emerged victorious during the interim elections of 1966. Post-election, Mrs. Gandhi showed extraordinary political prowess and elbowed the Congress stalwarts out of power. Her leadership, however, came under continual challenge from the right wing of the party, which was then led by former minister of finance Morarji Desai. She won a seat in the 1967 elections to the Lok Sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament), but the Congress Party managed to win only a slim majority of seats, and Gandhi had to accept Desai as deputy prime minister. In early 1978 Gandhi and her supporters completed the split from the Congress Party by forming the Congress (I) Party where the “I” signified Indira. She was briefly imprisoned (October 1977 and December 1978) on charges of official corruption. Despite those setbacks, she won a new seat in the Lok Sabha in November 1978, and her Congress (I) Party began to gather strength. Dissension within the ruling Janata Party led to the fall of its government in August 1979. When new elections for the Lok Sabha were held in January 1980, Gandhi and Congress (I) were swept back into power in a landslide victory. Her son Sanjay, who had become her chief political adviser, also won a seat in the Lok Sabha. During the early 1980s Indira Gandhi was faced with threats to the political integrity of India. Several states sought a larger measure of independence from the central government, and Sikh separatists in Punjab state used violence to assert their demands for an autonomous state. In 1982 a large number of Sikhs, led by Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, occupied and fortified the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) complex at Amritsar, the Sikhs’ holiest shrine. Tensions between the government and the Sikhs escalated, and in June 1984 Gandhi ordered the Indian army to attack and oust the separatists from the complex. Some buildings in the shrine were badly damaged in the fighting, 5 months later, Gandhi’s Sikh Body Guards fired bullets at her. Hence, taking revenge for the events of Amritsar. So this was information about our former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s Life. Do let us know your thoughts about this video through the Comments Section Below. Do Like this Video and Share it with your Friends Subscribe to Testbook’s Youtube Channel and Do Not forget to Click the Bell Icon! Thank you for watching this Video and All the Best!